Describe the Warren Court and the expansion of individual rights as seen in the Miranda decision COURT CASES INFOGRAPHIC
- What years was Earl Warren Chief Justice, what “type” of court did he have
- What was each case about, the decision and on what constitutional/legal ground
- Brown v. Board of Education
- Gideon v. Wainwright
- Reynolds v. Sims
- Griswold v. Connecticut
- Miranda v. Arizona
Earl Warren served as a Chief Justice from 1920-1969. He was known as a “crime fighter” while he was a district attorney. He was very honest and fought back a lot of corruption. He is known for his work in desegregation and even investigated the assassination of John F. Kennedy.
The first Brown v Board of Education was within the district and decided against desegregation because they believed the schooling was equal. The second in the Supreme Court finally did eliminate segregation in public schooling because they were truly not equal.
Gideon was charged with entering and wanting to commit a misdemeanor which under Florida law is a federal crime. He denied a counsel and he sent a petition to the Supreme Court saying it went against the sixth amendment. The Supreme Court agreed this went against the sixth amendment and that it does in fact include the district courts.
In the Reynolds v. Sims case, they ruled that uneven state legislation was unconstitutional because it affected voting rights. They were specifically fighting against the 14th amendment with the Equal Protection Clause.
The Supreme Court in the Griswold v Connecticut case that Connecticut could not ban contraceptives. Griswold, who worked at Planned Parenthood and was the executive director, was found illegally providing contraceptives. Griswold said this went against marital privacy and the Supreme Court agreed.
Ernesto Miranda was not informed of his right to an attorney and against self-incrimination. Miranda wasn’t given an attorney and represented himself in court where he confessed to the crimes. Miranda wasn’t in the right position to do this because he had been in a mental institute and had very minimal schooling. The Supreme Court ruled that you must be informed of your rights before trial.
Reflection: I really do not understand Reynolds v. Sims and why it is so important to the civil rights movement, however all of these court cases were extremely important. They still are in affect today and two of them actually affect me personally as you read.