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Describe the social and political turmoil of 1968;include the assassinations of MLK Jr, Robert Kennedy and the events surrounding the DNC

  1. MLK assassination – who killed him, why
  2. MLK assassination Riots – when, where, why, what happened, affects
  3. Robert Kennedy Assassination – Who killed him, why, what role did Robert play politically at that time
  4. 1968 Chicago Democratic National Convention (DNC) riots – causes what happened result

On April 4th, 1968 MLK was assassinated by James Earl Ray who shot him in the neck. Ray claimed to be part of a conspiracy. There was supposed to be a second trial but Ray passed away. His widow insisted that he would’ve been seen as innocent if the trial did happen and that lots of information would have been brought up. Martin Luther King’s assassination just threw gasoline on the fire for the civil rights movement. After the assassination riots were happening all throughout Memphis. 40,000 national guard troops were sent. Many were grieving and upset by this and felt like without him history would go back in time and get rid of all the work and freedom they have been building up to.

Robert Kennedy was shot by Shiran Shiran on June 5th 1968. Robert Kennedy was currently a senator for California. Shiran confessed to the crime and originally was sentenced to death, but instead spent his life in prison. He, who was from Palestine, believed that Kennedy was against Palestinians.

The DNC riots were anti-Vietnam-War riots. The riots were televised which only gave more fuel to the flame. Many Americans now felt that being in the war was pointless and was killing our citizens for no reason. McCarthy was essentially the leader of these riots.

Reflection: I was shocked to learn that Robert Kennedy was assassinated because of assumptions that he was against Palestinians. It further makes me not want to be a politician.  I think these riots and deaths have affected us today but not as much as other things I have learned in this unit.




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Explain Lyndon B. Johnson’s Great Society; include the establishment of Medicare

  1. What was the “Great Society” – Domestic  policies created and passed to make his “Great Society” possible
  2. What is Medicare how is it funded, who does it take care of

In Johnson’s Great Society, he wanted to end poverty, fix the cities, give equal education, and protect our environment. To get to this goal he passed the Civil Rights Act of 1964. He also develop Medicare which pulls a little bit of money from general taxes and give it to the elderly and the disabled.

Reflection: I learned that Johnson was the one who developed Medicare, which is still in use today.




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Describe the political impact of the assassination of President John F. Kennedy; include the impact on civil rights legislation

  1. Who shot him, why, where, what date. who became president when he died.
  2. What was Johnson’s viewpoint on Civil Rights
  3. What Civil Rights legislation was Kennedy working on that never got passed

John F. Kennedy was shot by Harvey Oswald on November 22nd, 1963 at 12:30 p.m. They were in Dallas and when they reached the Texas School Book Depository Building, shots were fired. There are many conspiracies as to why JFK was assassinated. Some blame the Mafia, and some even blame Lyndon Johnson. No one will ever truly know why this tragedy happened. After his death, the Vice President Lyndon Johnson became the 36th President of the United States. Kennedy was working on a Civil Rights Bill, that was eventually changed by Johnson and passed as the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Although Johnson got the Civil Rights Act passed, he was extremely racist. He often used derogatory and practically forbidden words. Many of the segregationists were upset by him because they felt as though he betrayed them.  They thought he was on their team.

Reflection: I was very shocked to hear the language that Johnson frequently used, especially considering how far he has moved the country with pushing the Civil Rights Act to be passed. I think this was a terrible event in history and still brings pain and concern today.





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Describe the Warren Court and the expansion of individual rights as seen in the Miranda decision COURT CASES INFOGRAPHIC

  1. What years was Earl Warren Chief Justice, what “type” of court did he have
  2. What was each case about,  the decision and on what constitutional/legal ground
        1. Brown v. Board of Education
        2. Gideon v. Wainwright
        3. Reynolds v. Sims
        4. Griswold v. Connecticut
        5. Miranda v. Arizona

Earl Warren served as a Chief Justice from 1920-1969. He was known as a “crime fighter” while he was a district attorney. He was very honest and fought back a lot of corruption. He is known for his work in desegregation and even investigated the assassination of John F. Kennedy.

The first Brown v Board of Education was within the district and decided against desegregation because they believed the schooling was equal. The second in the Supreme Court finally did eliminate segregation in public schooling because they were truly not equal.

Gideon was charged with entering and wanting to commit a misdemeanor which under Florida law is a federal crime. He denied a counsel and he sent a petition to the Supreme Court saying it went against the sixth amendment. The Supreme Court agreed this went against the sixth amendment and that it does in fact include the district courts.

In the Reynolds v. Sims case, they ruled that uneven state legislation was unconstitutional because it affected voting rights. They were specifically fighting against the 14th amendment with the Equal Protection Clause.

The Supreme Court in the Griswold v Connecticut case that Connecticut could not ban contraceptives. Griswold, who worked at Planned Parenthood and was the executive director, was found illegally providing contraceptives. Griswold said this went against marital privacy and the Supreme Court agreed.

Ernesto Miranda was not informed of his right to an attorney and against self-incrimination. Miranda wasn’t given an attorney and represented himself in court where he confessed to the crimes. Miranda wasn’t in the right position to do this because he had been in a mental institute and had very minimal schooling. The Supreme Court ruled that you must be informed of your rights before trial.

Reflection: I really do not understand Reynolds v. Sims and why it is so important to the civil rights movement, however all of these court cases were extremely important. They still are in affect today and two of them actually affect me personally as you read.