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Compare and contrast the Student Non-violent coordinating Committee (SNCC) and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) tactics; include sit-ins, freedom rides and changing composition

  1. What were the objectives, who were the organizers of the: NAACP, SNCC and SCLC  (SNCC – summer of 1964)
  2. Freedom Rides & Sit- in – explain what each is, why were these methods chosen over others (Montgomery Bus Boycott)
  3. Changing composition – how many African Americans were elected officials (or leaders in their neighborhoods, cities, states) in the 1960’s (University of California v. Bakke   – Who was the chief justice, what was the decision on what constitutional/legal ground) 

The NAACP was founded February 12th, 1909 by Mary White Ovington, Oswald Garrison Villard, William English Walling, and Dr. Henry Moscowitz. Their goal was to confront civil issues mainly pertaining to blacks and worked for anti lynching laws and desegregation. It stood for the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.

The SNCC stood for the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee. It was founded in Febuary 1960 by Ella Baker. It gave younger blacks in schools more of a voice in the civil rights movement.

The SCLC stood for Southern Christian Leadership Conference and its president of Martin Luther King Jr until he was assassinated. Its goal was to protest civil rights without violence. TN

Freedom Rides and Sit ins were simple. Blacks would go into white restaurants  and asked to be served. When denied, they would sit silently and wait despite any intimidation. Even if they were attacked they would ball up and wait. Once the police came to arrest them more blacks would come in and continue the act. They did the same on buses and eventually these policies were changed. This worked better than other strategies because they weren’t being violent or doing anything wrong.

After the Civil War, 23 African Americans were elected officials and 98 were after reconstruction. These numbers skyrocketed after and during the Civil Rights Movement. The University of California had spots reserved for minorities, even though Bakke had better GPA and credentials than these minorities. Bakke argued that this went against the Equal Protection Clause. The Supreme Court did agree that they cannot factor in race when deciding.




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