Describe the causes and consequences of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights act of 1965
- Civil Rights act of 1964 – which president signed this, what were the provisions of the act, how did this help Civil Rights (discrimination based on race and even gender) from this point forward
- 24th Amendment – what did the amendment stipulate, how did this help those with limited voting rights
- Voting Rights Act of 1965 – What were the provisions of the law, what ways did States try to go around this
Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Under this act, there was no longer any segregation of races or religion in public grounds. They also banned discrimination of race, gender, religion, and nationality in the work place. They created the “Equal Employment Opportunity Commission” to follow up with these cases. They also assisted schools with desegregation. This is what made everything really official and put religion and gender under the category of protection as well. This is still leaving an extreme impact today.
The 24th amendment outlawed charging a voting tax at the polls in federal elections. This was banned in state elections as well in 1966. However, this still did not protect discrimination of races, religions, and genders at the polls. This lead to the Voting Rights Act of 1965. This helped with those who couldn’t afford the tax. This made the vote more accurate because it included the lower income citizens. It also eliminated people giving a higher poll tax to blacks than whites so they weren’t able to vote.
The Voting Rights Act of 1965 banned literacy tests and provided federal oversights in areas where white registered voters dominated. Specifically areas where less than half of the nonwhite population had registered to vote. This was a red flag to them and they wanted to ensure the act was being followed. It was also later edited to include citizens who don’t speak English. The southern states, specifically Mississippi, tried to get around this which is why it had federal oversight.
Reflection: None of this information was new for me. I forgot that the Civil Rights Act was made after JFK’s assassination. All of these things have extremely impacted America and are still extremely important today. They all have been edited to fit our society today and be an umbrella for other minorities.