SSUSH 22

SSUSH22 d

WHEN YOU KNOW YOURE GREAT

Describe the Significance of Martin Luther King Jr.’s Letter from Birmingham Jail and his I Have A Dream speech MLK INSPIRATIONAL MEME

  1. When was it written, What was the letter about, why did he write it, to who, what is his argument  – analysis of its importance to Civil Rights Movement
  2. March on Washington – who organized it, what was the objective – Was it achieved
  3. I Have A Dream Speech – what was his message, to who was it to – analysis of its importance to the Civil Rights Movement
  4. Opposite of non-violent
      1. Malcolm X – who was he, how did he appeal to African Americans, how did he think African Americans should go about securing their rights
      2. Black Panthers – objectives, beliefs actions

King Jr.’s Letter from Birmingham Jail was written on April 16, 1963 while Martin Luther King Junior was serving time for protesting. King had read a letter from religious leaders that was published into a newspaper. The letter criticized King and his demonstrations of Good Friday. King, in response, wrote a 7,000 word letter defending himself and his cause. He reminded those who oppose him about the new desegregation of schools as well. This letter showed that justice cannot be silenced, even from a jail cell. The powerful words are taught in schools around the world and has been translated into 40 other different languages.

The March on Washington was organized by religious leaders and different civil rights activists, specifically black civil right activists. A. Phillip Randolph chaired both the first March on Washington, which ended up not happening, and the second one which was huge success. 200,000 black and white Americans marched side by side to support a similar cause. The march was organized to eliminate discrimination and it proved that whites and blacks can work side by side to fight for equality.

The I Have a Dream speech gave hope to thousands of Americans and even people across the world to fight for justice and equality. It sought to unite African Americans and whites and allow them to fight together and to be friends. He wanted everyone to be equal and to work together as one big movement rather than separating the blacks and whites, even in times of protest. He welcomed all and simply wanted to truly remove the figurative “enslavement” of discrimination that the African Americans still endured. This was not only important to the civil rights movement, but gave hope to those across the world who have read this. It fired up the movement by spreading hope and igniting passion.

Malcolm X was an activist for black Muslim faith and rights. He changed his last name to X to signify that he rejects his slave name. While spending time in jail for a burglary, he became interested in the Muslim faith and starting following the words of Muhammad. Eventually thought he thought it was corrupt. He strongly believed that blacks should fight back hostile whites in anyway he can, including violence. This strongly went against what MLK preached, which was nonviolent protests.

The Black Panthers were heavily influenced by Malcom X. They were a group who strongly believed in standing up for themselves and they practiced militant self defense. Some Panthers went as far as to kill cops and to bring guns into protest. Not only was this self defense, but it was a scary and violent message.

Reflection: I was unaware of the Black Panthers, I strongly disagree with what they were doing because I think we should fight with peace. However, I slightly understand it as well because obviously it was a slow fight for true freedom from discrimination and is still going on today. So I can understand why they took a different route. I think out of this standard Martin Luther King Jr. was the biggest impact, as his words are still being taught in schools everywhere.

Resources: 

https://www.marxists.org/history/usa/workers/black-panthers/

http://www.history.com/topics/black-history/malcolm-x

http://www.history.com/news/kings-letter-from-birmingham-jail-50-years-later

http://www.history.com/topics/black-history/march-on-washington

http://www.let.rug.nl/usa/documents/1951-/martin-luther-kings-i-have-a-dream-speech-august-28-1963.php

http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/king-speaks-to-march-on-washington

 

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