SSUSH 22

SSUSH22 c

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Explain Brown v. Board of Education and efforts to resist the decision

  1. Who was the chief justice, what was the decision on what constitutional/legal ground
  2. Brown II
  3. Little Rock Nine – year, who, what happened and result
  4. University of Alabama – year, who, what happened and result

Brown v. Board of Education was a group of 5 different cases all regarding segregation and discrimination in public schools. The specific Oliver Brown case however was against a city in Kansas saying that the education was not equal between the black and the white children. The district court (Brown I) said that the schools were equal. Luckily, Brown appealed this and it was sent to the supreme court (Brown II). The chief justice was Earl Warren. It was an unanimous decision that the segregation in schools violated the fourteenth amendment. They now gave equal education to all races.

In September of 1957, 9 black students, including Minnijean Brown and Elizabeth Eckford, tested the newly nonsegregated school system and enrolled in an all white school in Arkansas. The students endured counseling sessions to prepare them for the backlash and even had the National Guard escort them in,. The students faced protesters everyday as they walked into school and they would even be spit on. They were bullied often in school and one of the Little Rock Nine had acid thrown in her face. After the first year the school was shut down and the city voted to have the schools segregated. The students finished their high school careers elsewhere.

George Wallace was the governor of Alabama in 1962. He strongly believed in segregation and blocked the enrollment office of the University of Alabama to keep it segregated, despite the fact it was unconstitutional. JFK sent down National Guard troops and forced the desegregation. Later that year, Wallace also tried to block desegregation at a public high school. Troops were sent in once again and Wallace was forced to comply. On June 11, 1963 the University of Alabama was officially desegregated.

Reflection: I was pretty familiar with all of these topics. However, I had no idea how much George Wallace was against segregation. I will never be able to understand how someone can judge others based on the color of their skin and give someone less opportunists because of it. Especially those in political positions whose job is to please the people, no matter what race, gender, or sexuality. I think all three of these events have greatly impacted America and truly are things to be celebrated.

Resources: 

http://www.uscourts.gov/educational-resources/educational-activities/history-brown-v-board-education-re-enactment

http://www.history.com/topics/black-history/central-high-school-integration

http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/university-of-alabama-desegregated

 

 

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